The cost of providing long-term care for a person with dementia can be very expensive. Many people assume that government programs, such as Medicare and others, will pay for it. However, it is individuals and families that typically pay for services out of their own pocket.
To reduce the financial stress that can come from paying for care requires advance planning.
Gather financial and legal documents
Carefully go over financial and legal documents. Getting a handle on existing expenses, assets and income can help you identify any necessary documents that are not in place.
Gather documents such as:
* Medical and durable powers of attorney
* Bank and brokerage accounts
*Deeds, mortgage papers or ownership statements
*Pension and other retirements benefit summaries
*Social Security payment information
* Stock and bond certificates
* Monthly or outstanding bills
* Insurance policies
Ways to cover the costs of care
A number of financial resources may be available to help cover the costs care:
Insurance – includes government insurance programs such as Medicare and Medigap; disability insurance from an employer-paid plan or personal policy; group employee plan or retiree medical coverage; life insurance and long-term care insurance. After symptoms of Alzheimer’s appear, it is usually no longer possible to purchase many types of insurance.
Medicare is a federal health insurance program for people age 65 or older. Medicare covers inpatient hospital care, some doctor’s fees, some medical items and outpatient prescription drugs. The program also provides some home health care, including skilled nursing care and rehabilitation therapy, under certain conditions. It does not pay for long-term nursing home care.
Medigap insurance fills gaps in Medicare coverage, such as paying for coinsurance. The more expensive Medigap policies may cover additional items.
Disability insurance provides income for a worker who can no longer work due to illness or injury. An employer-paid disability policy provides 60 to 70 percent of a person's gross income.
Long-term care insurance typically pays for the costs of most care settings, include nursing homes. If the person with dementia has a long-term care policy, carefully review it to see if Alzheimer's disease is covered, when can benefits start being collected and what kind of care the policy covers.
Life insurance can be a valuable source of cash. The person with dementia may be able to receive a part of the policy's face value as a loan, called a viatical loan, that is paid off upon the person's death.
Retirement benefits – includes individual retirement accounts (IRAs), employee-funded retirement plans, such as a 401(k), 403(b) and Keough.
Personal savings and assets – includes stocks, bonds, savings accounts, real estate and personal property, such as jewelry or artwork.
Government assistance – includes Social Security Disability Income (SSDI) for workers under age 65; Supplemental Security Income (SSI); Medicaid; veterans benefits; and tax deductions and credits, such as the Household and Dependent Care Credit.
Social Security Disability Income is for workers younger than 65 who qualify for benefits. To qualify, the person must meet the Social Security Administration's definition of disability. Generally that means proving that the person with dementia is unable to work in any occupation and the condition will last at least a year or is expected to result in death.
Supplemental Security Income guarantees a minimum monthly income for people who are age 65 or older, are disabled or blind, and have very limited income and assets. To qualify for benefits, the person must meet the Social Security Administration's definition of disability.
Medicaid pays for medical care for people with very low income and assets levels. It also pays for long-term care for people who have used up most of their own money, under most circumstances. The person with dementia should be very careful about giving away assets to family members to qualify for Medicaid. Strict laws govern this area.
Community support – includes local support services at low or no cost, such as respite care, support groups, transportation and meal delivery.
Taxes and Alzheimer's Disease (26 pages)
National Clearinghouse for Long-Term Care Information
This government site presents the different types of long-term care as well as how to plan and pay for the care.
Alzheimer's Association National Office 225 N. Michigan Ave., Fl. 17, Chicago, IL 60601
Alzheimer's Association is a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organization
24/7 Helpline: 1.800.272.3900